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All aircraft certified to fly should have both extensive maintenance documentation and a recorded aircraft safety history. The requirements for maintenance records are much more strict than you'd find with automobiles, boats, or other vehicles. All maintenance operations must be detailed and specific. A charter jet, as with all other certified aircraft, must not only record all maintenance activity, but also have these documents available for inspection by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
Safety related issues, often termed “incidents,” might be recorded by a number of different sources. For example, should an incident occur during landing activity, the pilot of the aircraft involved may report the incident, a pilot from another airplane that might have been involved or who was a witness from another private or charter plane, the air traffic controller(s) in the tower, or a witness on the ground.
It's important to remember that “incidents” are more likely to be pilot-related than purely airplane-related as most planes currently flying have exemplary aircraft safety records. However, all recorded incidents can be found using various Internet resources like the FAA, National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), and other databases that permit public access.